Myopia is increasing in epidemic proportions. Worldwide, the prevalence of myopia is expected to increase from 2 billion in 2010 to 5 billion in 2050.
What is Myopia?
Myopia, also called nearsightedness, is a condition that makes it difficult to see clearly in the distance. Depending on the amount of myopia, it may even be difficult to see things only a few feet in front of you. Myopia usually has its onset in childhood, and typically increases as the eye grows. Most patients with this condition wear eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct their vision.
However, myopia is more than an inconvenience; it can pose a serious risk to vision as we age. As a child develops and the myopia progresses, the child is at a higher risk of developing dangerous eye diseases later in life that can result in vision loss.
Odds Ratio of Developing Eye Disease in Myopia
|Amount of Myopia||Retinal Detachment||Maculopathy||Cataract||Glaucoma|
|-1.00 to -3.00||3.1x||2.2x||2.1x||2.3x|
|-3.25 to -6.00||9.0x||9.7x||3.1x||2.5x|
|-6.25 to -9.00||21.5x||126.8x||5.5x|
D. Flitcroft. The complex interactions of retinal, optical and environmental factors in myopia aetiology. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. 2012;31:622-660.
What Can Be Done to Treat Myopia?
Traditional corrections for myopia include glasses and contact lenses, which allow the wearer to see clearly far away. While these methods allow your child’s vision to be clear, there is newer research that shows that some methods of correcting myopia actually help slow the increase in myopia as your child grows. There is now the opportunity to actively manage the development of myopia, and reduce the amount of myopia that will develop over your child’s lifespan.
Your optometrist is able to fit your child with specialised contact lenses that have been clinically proven to slow myopia progression by 59%, while safe in children as young as 8 years of age. (see the study here)
by slightly altering how your child focuses in near and center vision, soft multifocal lenses are used to halt the elongation responsible for the myopia. This not only corrects your child’s vision, it slows or halts the prescription from getting worse. It protects your child’s eyes for a long life of healthy vision.
Contact us today at 519-426-3123 or send us an email to schedule an appointment to discuss your child’s vision or myopia management options!